World Heart Day is globally held on 29 September each year to inform people to become proactive about reducing heart disease and stroke which are the biggest cause of death worldwide, the theme this year is “One World, One Home, One Heart”.
Cardiovascular diseases are the world’s largest killers, claiming 17.5 million lives a year, according to WHO. Risk factors for heart disease and stroke include raised blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose levels, smoking, inadequate intake of fruit and vegetables, overweight, obesity and physical inactivity.
The World Heart Federation created World Heart Day in 2000 to remind people of the enormity of the problem and of ways to prevent cardiovascular disease related deaths. In 2012, campaign activities focus on taking action to prevent heart disease in women and children.
In partnership with WHO, the World Heart Federation organizes awareness events in more than 100 countries including health checks, organized walks, runs and fitness sessions, public talks, stage shows, scientific forums, exhibitions, concerts, carnivals and sports tournaments.
It also aims to promote preventative measures that reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
The term “heart disease” refers to several types of heart conditions.
The most common type is coronary heart disease (CHD), which can cause heart attack, chest pain, heart failure, and arrhythmias.
CVD is commonly considered an “older persons” and a “man’s” disease. women underestimate their CVD risk, even though almost half of the 17.3million annual deaths occur in women. Children are particularly at risk, since they have little control over their environment and can be limited in choices to live heart healthily.
The World Heart Federation organizes awareness events in more than 100 countries. They include health checks,organized walks, runs and fitness sessions, exhibitions. These activities are done in partnership with organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO), which is the UN’s directing and coordinating authority for health.
World Heart Day was created to inform people around the globe that heart disease and stroke are the world’s leading cause of death. Together with organizations such as WHO, the World Heart Federation spreads the news that at least 80 percent of premature deaths from heart disease and stroke could be avoided if the main risk factors – which are tobacco, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity – are controlled.