by Naveed Sehar

Solid State Physics to Condensed Matter Physics

2 months ago | Posted in: science | 4 Views

Condensed Matter Physics

Condensed matter physics is one of the branch of physics in which we deal with the physical properties of condensed phases of matter, by applying physical laws physicists understand the behavior of these phases, especially the laws of quantum mechanics, electromagnetism and statistical mechanics. The study of condensed matter physics includes measuring different material properties by experimental probes as well as by using the techniques of theoretical physics which develop mathematical relations that help in understanding physical behavior. The diversity of systems and the availability of phenomena makes condensed matter physics the most active and attractive field of Physics. One third of all American physicists declared themselves as condensed matter physicists.

The division of condensed matter physics is the biggest division at the American Physical Society. condensed matter physics overlaps with chemistry, materials science, and nanotechnology and closely link to atomic physics and biophysics. Theoretical condensed matter physics contributes important concepts and techniques with theoretical particle and nuclear physics, a different variety of topics in physics such as crystallography, metallurgy, elasticity, magnetism  is considered as unique areas until the 1940s, when they were gather in a group called as solid state physics [4, 5]. Philip Warren Anderson and Volker Heine, first time used the term condensed matter in 1967 when they changed the name of their group at the Cavendish Laboratories, Cambridge from Solid-state theory to Theory of Condensed Matter.

The Bell Telephone Laboratories is one of the first institutes to make a research program in condensed matter physics

 

by: Naveed Sehar 

 

References

  • Taylor, Philip L, (2002), a Quantum Approach to Condensed Matter Physics, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-77103-X.
  • Condensed Matter Physics Jobs, Careers in Condensed Matter Physics. Physics today Jobs, Archived from the original on 2009-03-27. Retrieved 2010-11-01.
  • History of Condensed Matter Physics, American Physical Society, Retrieved 27 march 2012.
  • Cohen, Marvin L. (2008), Essay, Fifty Years of Condensed Matter Physics, Physical Review Letters, 101 (25)
  • Kohn, W, (1999), an essay on condensed matter physics in the twentieth century, Reviews of Modern Physics, 71 (2)
  • Philip Anderson, Department of Physics, Princeton University, Retrieved 27 march 2012.

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