Condensed matter physics is one of the branch of physics in which we deal with the physical properties of condensed phases of matter, by applying physical laws physicists understand the behavior of these phases, especially the laws of quantum mechanics, electromagnetism and statistical mechanics. The study of condensed matter physics includes measuring different material properties by experimental probes as well as by using the techniques of theoretical physics which develop mathematical relations that help in understanding physical behavior. The diversity of systems and the availability of phenomena makes condensed matter physics the most active and attractive field of Physics. One third of all American physicists declared themselves as condensed matter physicists.
The division of condensed matter physics is the biggest division at the American Physical Society. condensed matter physics overlaps with chemistry, materials science, and nanotechnology and closely link to atomic physics and biophysics. Theoretical condensed matter physics contributes important concepts and techniques with theoretical particle and nuclear physics, a different variety of topics in physics such as crystallography, metallurgy, elasticity, magnetism is considered as unique areas until the 1940s, when they were gather in a group called as solid state physics [4, 5]. Philip Warren Anderson and Volker Heine, first time used the term condensed matter in 1967 when they changed the name of their group at the Cavendish Laboratories, Cambridge from Solid-state theory to Theory of Condensed Matter.
The Bell Telephone Laboratories is one of the first institutes to make a research program in condensed matter physics
by: Naveed Sehar
Tags: Condensed matter physics