Learning is a process that continues throughout the life of a human being. Man learns from various sources and experiences. There are generally two types of learning; active and passive. In active form, he learns by going to school or through reading books and newspapers. Passive form is the most important form of learning in which man learns from his personal experience.
Travelling is very basic to passive form of learning. People travel for various purposes including leisure, business and recreational purposes. People who travel are termed as tourist and World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people “traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes”. World tourism day is celebrated each year on September, 27 in order to highlight the efforts of governments regarding promotion of tourism.
Tourism is important, and in some cases, vital for many countries. It was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 as “an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational, and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations.” Economies have a great impact on the rate on which tourism is supported in a country. According to a report, it brings in large amounts of income in payment for goods and services available, accounting for 30% of the world’s exports of services, and 6% of overall exports of goods and services.
Reports say that international tourist arrivals reached 1.035 billion in 2012, up from over 983 million in 2011, and 940 million in 2010. According to World Tourism Organization, France, United States, China, Spain and Italy are top five most visited countries. Wealthy people have always travelled to distant parts of the world, to see historical buildings, masterpieces of art, learn new languages, enjoy new cultures, and to taste unique cuisines.
History says that the origins of modern tourism can be traced back to what was known as the Grand Tour which was a customary trip of Europe commenced by mainly upper-class European young men of resources, mainly from England. The tradition flourished from about 1660 until the advent of large-scale rail transport in the 1840s, and was linked with a standard program. It served as an educational rite of passage. Though mainly associated with the British aristocracy and rich powerful elite, similar trips were made by wealthy young men of Protestant Northern European nations on the Continent, and from the second half of the 18th century some South American, U.S., and other overseas youth joined in.
This year the theme of World Tourism day is “Tourism and water”. “Sustainable tourism is envisaged as leading to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity and life support systems.” (World Tourism Organization) The conservation of water resources is a very serious issue regarding sustainability. Water resources like water natural falls are also vital to the attraction of tourists. So it is highly desirable to save water and make its use sustainable.
By: Aimon Mulghani