What Are Mnemonics?

Mnemonics is a generic term. It is used to define various memory retaining techniques. The basic concept behind is to associate the original with some other meaningful information. This meaningful information could be anything from an image to some melody. This association will help one to remember the related information for longer period of time.

The following 9 mnemonics will help you retain information for longer period of time:

Textual Mnemonics

  • Name Mnemonics: Name mnemonics are useful when you are trying to learn a list of items or names in a particular order. You can use the first letter of every item in the list and arrange it in the required order. Instead of the learning the name of every item in the list, you can learn the newly formed word to remember the whole list.
  • Word/Expression Mnemonics: Word or Expression revolves around the same principle as name mnemonics. You can use the first letter of every word you want to learn and form an expression or word instead of a name. The most common example of it would be the phrase “Richard of York gave battle in vain”, which is often used by students to remember the colors of rainbow.
  • Spelling Mnemonics:Spelling mnemonics, as the name describes are used to learn spellings of confusing words. These are especially helpful with learning spellings of words that contain silent letters. The most widely used technique is to form a phrase that you can easily out of the letters of word.

Musical Mnemonics

  • Music Mnemonics: Many students who complaint about having weak memories have no problem singing along a song. This is because they associate the lyrics of the song with melody or music of the song. They use this same technique to learn their course work. They can associate the list of words or phrases they want to remember with the music of their favorite song.
  • Rhyme Mnemonics: Such mnemonics are also called ode mnemonics. They revolve around the same concept as music mnemonics. Rhyme mnemonics puts the required to words or phrases in the form of a poem. This technique can also be used in combination with expression mnemonics.

Other Types of Mnemonics

  • Model Mnemonics: In this technique the information that you want to learn can be represented in the form of a model. This model could be a graph, a pie chart or any type of sequence model. This technique is mostly used to learn long procedures.
  • Note Organization Mnemonics: Note organization is another memory retaining technique. The general idea behind this technique is to separate the main idea from the notes. By learning the main ideas rather than the whole notes, it would be easier for you to remember the theory behind those main ideas. This technique is helpful for learning lecture notes.
  • Image Mnemonics:As the name describes, this technique uses an image to retain certain information. The sillier the picture the more easily you can remember what the information was. The image could be anything from a sketch on the side of your note book or a picture or meme that your friend shared with you.
  • Connection Mnemonics: This type of mnemonic is used to associate the information that you want to learn with related information that you already knew.

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