The rate at which science is growing is incredibly steady. But over the last ten years of the 21st Century, science has made remarkable strides in the enhancement of patients’ quality of life, disease treatment, and medical research. These advances have significantly influenced medicine thus opening up possibilities that are beyond what medical practitioners thought was feasible decades ago. Whether it’s a refinement in longest scientific undertakings history has ever made, or alterations in public policy, these are the top four medical advances which have influenced medicine in an excellent way.
Human Genome Discoveries
In 2000, a rough abstract of the human genome was released to the public by scientists working in with the International Human Genome Project. This was the first time in which the public gained access to reading the complete set of information concerning human genetics
In the 1990s, mapping of the human genome became a race of resources including, time and money. Only two competitors were at the lead: The Human Genome Project which was funded by the government and took fifteen years to complete and the private company named Celera Genomics which took less than ten years to finalize.
In April 2003, researchers announced the final draft on human genome sequencing, or all the genes making up our DNA. Gene has assisted scientists to recognize single genes that act as a source of diseases and, successively, has helped in creating finer treatments. Currently, scientists are actively involved in Human Microbiome Project in aspiration of superior comprehension of the bacterial systems which are complex in nature living in and on our bodies. More updates regarding human genome were published the Ph.D. holder, and a chief scientist who is behind Celera Genomics named Craig Venter.
Stem Cell Research
The stem cell research is one of the few areas which has censured the public controversy and imagination. The medical advances with the adult or embryonic cells have been breathtaking. Currently, embryonic-like stem cells can be programmed and turned into any cell existing in the human body. Moreover, these cells can be made directly from skin cells. As a result, scientists have now the potential to repair any damaged tissues and cure diseases. In 2006, researchers discovered that these adult cells could be returned to induced pluripotent stem cells. Human stem cells have also been cloned by scientists, making a promising advancement in stem cell therapies for eye disease and heart repair.
Targeted Therapies for Cancer
Instances of Targeted cancer therapies which have provided a comprehensive breakthrough to curing cancer include Herceptin and Gleevec. These drugs work in two ways, that is, either identifying and killing malignant cancer cells or blocking cells which are involved in the growth of tumor thus obstructing the spread of cancer. Targeted Cancer Therapies are more direct as compared to treatments using enterprise imaging such as radiation or chemotherapy, which also strike on healthy cells. These therapies have been emphasized on cancer research over the last ten years, with more than twenty-five drugs being approved to treat cancer by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States.
Anti-smoking laws considerably reduce problems related to health among nonsmokers as well as exposure, betters indoor air quality, assists smokers to quit smoking, reduce asthma hospitalizations and heart attack, and change social norms in regards to acceptance of smoking.
The United States of America had enacted smoking bans in only seventy-five cities in restaurants, workplaces, and bars. The number topped to 560 by 2013. Currently, there are twenty-eight states banning smoking in indoor areas, while some preclude private clubs, casinos, and tobacconists.
With these four medical technology advancements discovered in the 21st century, doctors can now control if not cure, every organ and patient. Additionally, doctors also have gained the upper hand at combating most medical related problems which were reviewed as deadly few decades ago.
By: Lee Flynn